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Australia's national gemstone is the opal, a stone famous across the world for its brilliant colours. In Indigenous stories, a rainbow created the colours of the opal when it touched the earth.
Australia's opal fields are bigger than those found in the rest of the world combined.
Australian National Flag
The Australian National Flag was first flown in Melbourne in 1901. For over a century now it has been the primary expression of Australian identity and pride.
You can receive immediate advice on how to fly the flag on special occasions by registering for the Commonwealth Flag Network alert.
Australian National Anthem
The Australian National Anthem, proclaimed in 1984, identifies Australia at home and overseas. It unites the nation and is a public expression of joy and pride in being Australian.
The anthem is used at important public ceremonies, sporting and community events. The words of the Australian National Anthem are available for download on this site.